ISSN 1608-4039 (Print)
ISSN 1680-9505 (Online)

Электролиты для химических источников тока

Influence of additives of EMIBF4 and BMIBF4 ionic liquids on the properties of network polymer electrolytes for lithium power sources

The effect of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMIBF4) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIBF4) ionic liquids on the properties of the polymer electrolyte based on polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEG-DA) and LiBF4 salt was studied. Research was carried out by spray-mass spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique in the temperature range from -40 to 120 °C.

Research of degradation mechanism of the membrane-electrode assemlies of solid polymer water electrolyzer

Concerning performance, safety, reliability and durability issues, the membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) is probably the weakest cell component. Most performance losses and most accidents occurring during PEM water electrolysis are usually due to the MEA. The purpose of this article is to report on specific degradation mechanisms of the MEA and electrolyser in whole.

Electrolytes for high-temperature chemical current sources: formation and research systems, composition and properties

DOI: 10.18500/1608-4039-2015-15-4-180-195

The method of forming systems for search molten electrolyte chemical power sources, an example of studying some of the properties and composition of the electrolyte. Presents some test trains in real chemical current sources.

Polymer Electrolytes for Sodium-ion Batteries


The critical analysis of literature of last 15 years, concerning solid polymer electrolytes with Na+-ion-conductivity is presented. True polymer electrolytes as well as gel-polymer electrolytes based on polyethylene oxide, polyacrylonitrile, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, PVdF–HFP, PMMA, Nafion are reviewed. Special attention is paid for temperature dependence of conductivity.

Book review: Mahendra Rai, Anatoly Reshetilov, Yulia Plekhanova, Avinash P. Ingle, editors. Macro, Micro, and Nano-Biosensors: Potential Applications and Possible Limitation

The main idea of the book is that, depending on the addressed problem, different approaches are to be used; macro constructs are to be worked with in some cases, micro and nano in others. Biosensors considered are electrochemical, optical, atomic force microscopy-based; biofuel cells that develop the idea of electrochemical biosensors are intended for a double purpose of cleaning up the environment and working out electrical energy.

Electrode material based on multilayer graphene oxide for chemical current sources

The results of the studies of the electrochemical synthesis of multilayer graphene oxide were presented, and the possibility of using it as an electrode material of the supercapacitor was shown. In an alcohol suspension the thickness of the particles of multilayer graphene oxide was less than 0.1 ?m with an area of more than 100 ?m2. The graphene oxide-based electrode has a high specific capacity of 107 F?g ? 1 and a high charge retention rate of 97% after 5000 cycles.

Solid proton-conducting ceramic electrolyte for energy storage units

The paper considers the electrochemical properties of potassium polytitanate synthesized at the values of pH varying from 3 to 8 in a wide temperature range from ? 26 to + 80°C. The conductivity values and the activation energy were determined with the help of the method of impedance spectroscopy. The application of the obtained material used as a ceramic solid electrolyte in the energy storage units operating at low temperatures in the Far North is considered in the article.

Electrodeposition of lead dioxide on titanium substrate

Modern technology causes the renewal of the interest to physical and chemical properties of solid oxide electrodes. Among these, PbO2/substrate has attracted considerable attention due to its application as an electrode in backup current sources. It was shown that the stable and active lead dioxide coating can be produced by appropriate pretreatment of the titanium substrate, including the coating of the substrate with colloidal graphite.