ISSN 1608-4039 (Print)
ISSN 1680-9505 (Online)

fuel cell

Phase diagrams of the ternary systems NaBH4–NaOH–H2O, KBH4–KOH–H2O, NaBO2–NaOH–H2O and KBO2–KOH–H2O by -10°С

A study of the solubility in the ternary systems NaBH4–NaOH–H2O, KBH4–KOH–H2O, NaOH–NaBO2–H2O и KOH–KBO2–H2O is of special fundamental and practical interest. The first two systems are used as a fuel and as a hydrogen source in hydrogen power engineering that includes the low-temperature fuel cells; borohydrides are converted into metaborates. Hence, the last two systems represent the discharged by-product.

Proton-exchange membrane fuel cell: structure of catalytic layer

Composition and structure of proton-exchange membrane fuel cell catalytic layers were investigated. Modelling of catalytic layer vas considered. This model allows to calculate layers containing particles of polymer and the catalyst of various forms and sizes. Dependence of conductivity and active layer surface area on concentration of polymer particles is shown. Best performance of a fuel cell is observed at the polymer concentration in a layer of 30–35% vol.

Pyrolized polyacrylonitrile as a feasible electrode material for electrochemical power sources

In the current paper electrospun nanofiber mats were derived from polyacrylonitrile (PAN). The temperature influence on the volumetric and surface composition of the resulting pyropolymers was studied by means of elemental analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

Effect of the catalyst layers structure on the pem fuel cell perfomance

Using complex models, including the solution percolation problem and electrochemical kinetics calculations are considered the features of a solid polymer fuel cell catalyst layers with a catalyst based on nanoscale carbon materials, including graphene nanowires. These calculations are consistent with the experimental data presented by optimizing the composition of the catalyst layers. It is shown that the addition of 20 wt.\% nanofibres graphene can reduce ohmic losses from the ion current and improve the performance of the fuel cell is 20%

Metallization of electrolitic die of alkaline matrix fuel cell

В работе рассмотрена металлизация электролитной матрицы щелочного матричного топливного элемента, обусловленная растворением платинового катализатора на кислородном электроде этого элемента. Показано, что уровень металлизации зависит от условий функционирования топливного элемента и структурных особенностей его составляющих.

How gas impurities influence the alkaline fuel cell performance

The work reviews the influence of gas impurities in fuel and oxidizing chemical on the alkaline oxyhydrogen fuel cell functioning. It shows that methane impurities act differently on anode and cathode, while other gases (except noble gases), including carbon monoxide, which is a poison for fuel cell with acid solution, influence the operation of alkaline fuel cell through the reaction with potassium hydroxide (KOH). Substitution electrolyte for fresh recovers fuel cell performance.

Cycle life of alkaline matrix fuel cell stack

DOI: 10.18500/1608-4039-2015-15-4-175-179

The reasons, that lead to the performance loss of alkaline matrix electrochemical generator (ECG) based on hydrox cell and therefore reduce the fuel cell stack cycle life, are highlighted in this article. It is shown that storage of ECG, preserved with a special gas mixture within up to 20 years, doesn't lead to noticeable characteristic fluctuation.