Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Конверсия органических отходов в электрическую энергию с помощью микробных электрохимических технологий

УДК 541.135

DOI:  https://doi.org/10.18500/1608-4039-2016-16-4-207-225

Сточные воды – потенциальные объекты переработки, из которых можно получать биоэнергию и биохимикаты. Восстановление энергии и ценных продуктов может частично скомпенсировать стоимость обработки сточных вод и несколько уменьшить зависимость от ископаемого топлива.

Существует несколько биологических стратегий обработки промышленных и сельскохозяйственных сточных вод: очистка сточных вод с помощью микробных топливных элементов; метаногенное анаэробное ферментативное расщепление органических веществ в сточных водах; ферментативное производство водорода из сточных вод; биологическое химическое производство. Первые три из этих стратегий приводят к выработке биоэнергии (электричество, метан, водород).

В настоящем обзоре анализируются современное научно-техническое состояние и проблемы указанных выше биоэнергетических стратегий обработки сточных вод, содержащих органические вещества.

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