lithium batteries

The lithium batteries based on the gidrolytic lignin

In this paper the possibility of applying of hydrolysis lignin as the lithium battery cathode material was demonstrated for the first time. Hydrolysis lignin features have been investigated by impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Electrochemical characterization was carried out at room temperature using 1M LiBF4 in γ-butyrolacton electrolyte system. The chemical composition of cathode materials upon battery discharge down to 0.9 V was studied by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Infrared spectroscopy. The suggestions on possible electrochemical reactions occurring in the lithium/hydrolysis lignin system were made on the basis of the products composition analysis.