Controllable Restoration of Lithium Primary Batteries to Stable State

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

УДК 541.135.5


Using impedance spectroscopy to assess the degree of discharge of lithium primary (non-rechargeable) batteries produces highly informative results. In order to make the results of impedance spectroscopy more correct, a method is proposed to determine the parameters of preliminary galvanostatic pulse that transfers lithium battery in a reproducible condition, which is largely determined by the state of the passive film of the lithium anode. The proposed technique can be helpful in combination with other methods for diagnostic of lithium batteries.


1. Fedotov D. B., Yalyushev M. I., Martey A. N. Lit Opyt primenenija litij-tionilhloridnyh istochnikov toka v raketno-kosmicheskoj tehnike hium-Thionyl [Chloride Batteries in Space Rocket Technology]. Elrktrohimicheskaya Energetica [Electrochemical energetics], 2013, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 90–95 (in Russian).

2. Povarov Yu. M., Beketaeva L. A., Vorobyeva I. V. Impedans litievogo jelektroda v srede aprotonnyh organicheskih rastvoritelej [Impedance of a Lithium Electrode in Aprotic Organic Solvents]. Electrochimya [Russian J. Electrochemistry], 1983, vol. 19, pp. 586–593 (in Russian).

3. Damaskin B. B. The Principles of Current Methods for the Study of Electrochemical Reactions. London, McGraw Hill, 1967.

4. Nizhnikovsky E. A., Kanevsky L. S., Frolchenkov V. V. Impedansnyj metod diagnostiki himicheskih istochnikov toka i ego ispol’zovanie dlja kontrolja sostojanija tionilhloridno-litievyh jelementov tipa TL-1,2 [Impedance Method for Diagnostics of Electrochemical Cells and Monitoring the State of TL-1,2 Lithium Thionyl Chloride Cells]. Electrochimya [Russian J. Electrochemistry], 1998, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 716–721 (in Russian).

5. Kneller V. Yu. Avtomaticheskoe izmerenie sostavljajushhih kompleksnogo soprotivlenija [Automatic Measurement of Components of Complex Resistance]. Moscow, Leningrad, Energia Publ., 1967 (in Russian).

6. Kanevsky L. S., Nizhnikovsky E. A., Bagotsky V. S. Vozmozhnost’ ispol’zovanija impedansometrii dlja diagnostiki sostojanija jelementov sistemy litij – tionilhlorid [Impedance Metering to Diagnose the State of Elements of Lithium Thionyl Chloride Systems]. Elektrokhimiya [Russian J. Electrochemistry], 1995, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 376–382 (in Russian).

7. Sposob opredelenija ostatochnoj emkosti pervichnogo istochnika toka [Method for Determining the Residual Capacity of Primary Current Sources]. Pat. RF no. 2295139 C2 MPK [IPC] G 01 R31/36. Dribinsky A. V., Lukovtsev V. P., Maksimov E. M., Rotenberg Z. A.. Dated April 21, 2005 (in Russian).

8. Lukovtsev V. P., Rotenberg Z. A., Dribinsky A. V., Maksimov E. M., Uriev V. N. Ocenka stepeni razrjazhennosti tionilhloridno-litievyh istochnikov toka po ih impedansnym harakteristikam [Impedance-Based Estimation of Discharge of Lithium Thionyl Chloride Batteries]. Electrochimya [Russian J. Electrochemistry], 2005, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 1234–1238 (in Russian).

9. Petrenko E. M., Dribinsky A. V., Lukovtsev V. P., Klyuev A. L. Ocenka sostojanija litievyh himicheskih istochnikov toka metodom impedansnoj spektroskopii [Estimation of the State of Lithium Electrochemical Cells by the Impedance Spectroscopy Method]. Elrktrohimicheskaya Energetica [Electrochemical energetics], 2010, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 128–132 (in Russian).

10. Lukovtsev V. P., Bobov K. N., Dribinsky A. V., Lukovtseva N. V., Osipova N. L., Rotenberg Z. A., Khozyainova N. S. Portativnyj programmiruemyj mnogofunkcional’nyj issledovatel’skij pribor [A Portable Multifunctional Programmable Scientific Instrument], Practice of Anti-Corrosion Protection. 1999, no. 3 (13), pp. 61–62 (in Russian).

Full Text (PDF):
(downloads: 620)
Файл статьи: