Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

On the Issue of Heat Emissions in Lithium-fluorocarbon Cells

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The power sources of the lithium­-fluorinated carbon electrochemical system often fail to withstand forced discharges because of greater heat emission due to ohmic and polarizing losses, which leads to heating at the best, and to destruction of the element and failure of the equipment at the worst. Heat emission from the cells of the lithium manganese–dioxide system at forced discharges is 2–3 times less than from the similar cells of the lithium–fluorinated carbon system. Therefore, adding some amount of manganese dioxide to the carbon fluoride­based cathode material, it is possible to achieve the necessary reduction in heat emission without substantially reducing the capacity. Some reduction of heat emission is also possible due to rational choice of electrolyte. Keywords: fluorocarbon­lithium cell, manganese–dioxide, discharge characteristics of the cells.

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