ISSN 1608-4039 (Print)
ISSN 1680-9505 (Online)

For citation:

Volgin M. A., Kulikova L. N., Konoplyantseva N. A., Gridina N. A., L'vov A. L. Electrochemical behavior of boron- and cadmium-doped carbon fibers. Electrochemical Energetics, 2001, vol. 1, iss. 1, pp. 50-55.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 17)
Article type: 

Electrochemical behavior of boron- and cadmium-doped carbon fibers

Volgin M. A., Saratov State University
Kulikova L. N., Saratov State University
Konoplyantseva N. A., Saratov State University
Gridina Nelli Aleksandrovna, Saratov State University
L'vov Arlen Leonidovich, Saratov State University

With the aid of chronopotentiometry, voltammetry, and potentiostatic closure, the electrochemical characteristics of lithium intercalation to polyacrylonitrile carbon fiber was determined, namely, the capacitance, kinetic currents, lithium diffusion coefficient, autocharge currents. The study was made at 298 К in 1 M solutions of LiClO4 in some mixed organic solvents (propylene carbonate – dimethoxyethane 7:3, propylene carbonate – diethyl carbonate 3:1). Heteroatom introduction is shown to significantly raise the specific capacitance in comparison with the corresponding non-doped carbon fiber at a high reversibility by current (98-100%). The polarization characteristics of kinetic current is of the linear nature up to 0.300 V, which is evidence of a noticeable influence of the passivating film's ionic conduction properties on the lithium intercalation kinetics. The dopants (boron, cadmium) reduce the polarization resistance significantly in comparison with the corresponding non-doped carbon fiber. The diffusion coefficients of lithium in the boron- and boron-cadmium-doped carbon fiber is equal to (1.2-3.7)·10-11 and (0.9-2.2)·10-11 cm2/s, respectively.

Работа выполнена при финансовой поддержке программы «Университеты России» (учетный номер проекта 990551).
  1. Багоцкий B.C., Скундин А.М. // Электрохимия. 1998. T.34. С.732.
  2. Flandrois S., Simon В. // Carbon. 1999. V.37. P.165.
  3. Nagaura T., Tozawa K. // Prog. Batt. Solar Cells. 1990. V.9. P.209.
  4. Way В., Dahn J.R. // J. Electrochem. Soc. 1994. V.141. P.907.
  5. Егоркина О.Ю., Скундин А.М. // Электрохимия. 1997. T.33. С.464.
  6. Левит Р.М. Электропроводящие химические волокна. M.: Химия, 1986. 200 с.
  7. Перепелкин K.E. Структура и свойства волокон. М.: Химия, 1985. 208 с.
  8. Endo М. et al. // Carbon. 2000. P.732.
  9. Peled E., Menachem C., Bar-Tow D., Melman А. // J. Electrochem. Soc. 1996. V.143. P.L14.
  10. Takashi lijima, Kimihito Suzuki, Yoshiharu Matsuda // Synthetic metals. 1995. № 73. P.9.
  11. Takashi Uchida, Yasuyuki Morikawa, Hiromasa Jkuta, Masataka Wakihara // J. Electrochem. Soc. 1996. V.143. P.2606.
  12. Inaba M., Yoshida H., Ogumi Z. // J. Electrochem. Soc. 1995. V.142. Р.20.
  13. Wilson A.M., Dahn J.R. // J. Electrochem. Soc. 1995. V.142. P.326.
  14. Way В. et al. // Phys. Rev. В. 1992. V.46. P.1697.
  15. Koji Simiyra et al. // J. Electroanal. Chem. 1999. V.462. P.150.
  16. Волгин M.A. и др. // Электрохимия. 1999. T.35. C.1462.
  17. Феттер K. Электрохимическая кинетика. М.: Химия, 1967. С.389.