ISSN 1608-4039 (Print)
ISSN 1680-9505 (Online)


Physical and chemical properties of lithium perchlorate and tetrafluoroborate solutions in the mixture of sulpholane and sulfurous anhydride

The temperature dependencies of physical and chemical properties (viscosity, density, electrical conductivity) and the melting temperature of 1M solutions of lithium salts (LiClO4 and LiBF4) in the mixture of sulfolane and sulfurous anhydride (∼1M) were studied.


Изучены температурные зависимости физико-химических свойств (вязкость, плотность, электропроводность) и температуры плавления 1М растворов солей лития (LiClO4 и LiBF4) в смеси сульфолана и сернистого ангидрида (~1М). Показано, что введение 1М (5 % мас.) содержание сернистого ангидрида в 1М растворы LiClO4 и LiBF4 в сульфолане увеличивает удельную и корригированную электропроводности, плотности, энергии активации электропроводности и вязкого течения электролитных растворов и уменьшает вязкость и температуры плавления.

Calculation of density, viscosity, and conductivity for Na(K)BH4 – Na(K)BO2 – Na(K)OH – H2O solutions used in hydrogen power engineering

Concentrated water-alkaline mixtures of sodium and potassium borohydrides and borates are used as fuel and a hydrogen source in hydrogen power engineering, including low-temperature fuel cells. The performance of such mixtures is determined by their physicochemical properties. An algorithm to calculate the density, viscosity, and specific electric conductivity of mixed solutions of the five-component water + salt system (Na,K)BH4 + (Na,K)BO2 + (Na,K)OH + H2O based on the quasiadditivity of these properties is proposed.

Properties of the some individual aprotic solvents used in lithium power sources. II. Volumetric properties of the solvents

The information on volumetric properties for a following most often of used aprotic solvents acetonitrile, γ-butirolactone, 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofurane, 1,2-dimetoxyethane, methyl acetate, 2-methyltetrahydrofurane, nitromethane, propylene carbonate, sulfolane, tetrahydrofurane and thionylchloride are considered. The temperature dependencies of density, specific and molar volumes, structural radiuses of molecules of solvents and coefficients of packaging of molecules of solvents are described.