Cycle life of alkaline matrix fuel cell stack

DOI: 10.18500/1608-4039-2015-15-4-175-179

The reasons, that lead to the performance loss of alkaline matrix electrochemical generator (ECG) based on hydrox cell and therefore reduce the fuel cell stack cycle life, are highlighted in this article. It is shown that storage of ECG, preserved with a special gas mixture within up to 20 years, doesn't lead to noticeable characteristic fluctuation.

How gas impurities influence the alkaline fuel cell performance

The work reviews the influence of gas impurities in fuel and oxidizing chemical on the alkaline oxyhydrogen fuel cell functioning. It shows that methane impurities act differently on anode and cathode, while other gases (except noble gases), including carbon monoxide, which is a poison for fuel cell with acid solution, influence the operation of alkaline fuel cell through the reaction with potassium hydroxide (KOH). Substitution electrolyte for fresh recovers fuel cell performance.

Long-term testing of hydrogen-oxygen alkaline matrix fuel multicell stacks

The paper generalizes a many years' experience in manufacturing and testing of multicell PHOTON stacks based on hydrogen-oxygen alkaline matrix fuel cells. Inter-cell processes effecting the stack lifetime are concerned, the main of which is the current flow between cells along a thin electrolyte film in gas collectors. This process is accompanied by electrolyte redistribution among elements resulting in their polarity reversal, and electrochemical corrosion in metal gas collectors of stacks.