Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Vanadium-Doped Bronze Titanium Dioxide as Anode Material for Lithium-ion Batteries with Enchanced Cycleability and Rate Performance

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

Nanotubes of bronze titanium dioxide (TiO2(B)) doped with vanadium were synthesized through hydrothermal reaction. The obtained material possesses mesoporous structure and large specific surface area of 180 m2/g. It was found that the incorporation of vanadium into TiO2(B) lattice increases the volume of a unit cell. Additionally, the conductivity rose up to three orders of magnitude for doped titanium dioxide reaching the value of 1.70 ⋅ 10 − 8 S/cm. Having been used as anode material of lithium-ion batteries, the V-substituted TiO2(B) demonstrated enhanced cycling and rate performances. In particular, after 100 charge/discharge cycles at 9C, the electrode based on vanadium-doped titanium dioxide showed the capacity of 133 mA·h/g, the efficiency being more than 98.9%. Applying high current load of 18C, the V-modified TiO2(B) still maintained the reversible capacitance of about 114 mA·h/g that corresponded to 40% from the initial storage obtained at 0.45C-rate.

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