Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Efficiency of Oxygen Ionization in the Mock-up of Lead-Acid Battery with Use Separator from Absorptive Glass Mat and Non-Woven Fibrous Materials Based on Polyvinylidenfluoride and Polystyrene

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The efficiency of oxygen ionization in a lead-acid mock-up was studied using a separator based on an absorptive glass mat (AGM) and polymer non-woven fibrous materials based on F-2M polyvinylidene fluoride and polystyrene. Fibrous material obtained by capillary-free electrospinning. The technological and structural characteristics of the polymer material are investigated. It was found that the use of a sandwich polymer/AGM/polymer separator significantly increases the efficiency of oxygen ionization.

Literature

1. D. A. J. Rand, P. T. Moseley, J. Garche, C. D. Parker, eds. Valve-regulated Lead-Acid Batteries. ELSEVIER, 2004. 602 p.

2. Oldham France, Amer-Sil, Hollingsworth & Vose, University of Kassel, BE97–408S Task 1(a), 3 Months Periodic Progress Report, 10 August 1998, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA, 1998.

3. Oldham France, Amer-Sil, Hollingsworth & Vose, University of Kassel, BE97–4085 Task 1(a), Periodic Progress Report Six Months, 22 August 2000, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA, 2000.

4. Pavlov D., Ruevski S. I., Naidenov V. B., Mircheva V. V., Petkova G. A., Dimitrov M. K., Rogachev T. V., Cherneva-Vasileva M. H. Valve-regulated lead-acid cells and batteries and separators used in such cells and batteries. Patent USA, no. 6509118, 2003.

5. Pavlov D., Naidenov V., Raevski S., Mircheva V., Cherneva M. New modified AGM separator and its influence on the performance of VRAL batteries. J. Power Sources, 2003, vol. 113, pp. 209–227.

6. Naidenov V., Pavlov D., Cherneva M. Three-layered absorptive glass mat separator with membrane for application in valve-regulated lead-acid batteries. J. Power Sources, 2009, vol. 192, pp. 730–735.

7. Khavari M. Gas recombinant battery separator. Patent USA, no. 5928811, 1999.

8. Filatov I. Y., Filatov Y. N., Yakushkin M. S. Electrospun fibrous materials from polymer micro- and nanofibers. History, theory, technology, application. Fine Chemical Technologies, 2008, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 3–18 (in Russian).

9. Burashnikova M. M., Denisova T. S., Zakharevich A. M., Kazarinov I. A. Structural Characteristics of Absorbent Glass Mat Separators and their Influence on Oxygen Ionization Rate in Models of Lead-Acid Accumulators. Electrochemical Energetics, 2012, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 117–123 (in Russian).

10. Homskaja E. A., Kazarinov I. A., Semykin A. V., Gorbacheva N. F. Makrokinetika gazovyh ciklov v germetichnyh akkumuljatorah [Macrokinetics of gas cycles in sealed batteries]. Saratov, Izdatelstvo Saratovskogo universiteta, 2008, 132 p. (in Russian).

11. Burashnikova M. M., Kazarinov I. A., Khramkova T. S., Shmakov S. L. Pressure influence on the structural characteristics of modified AGM separators: A standard contact porosimetry study. J. Power Sources, 2015, vol.291, pр.1–13.

Full Text (PDF):
(downloads: 51)