ISSN 1608-4039 (Print)
ISSN 1680-9505 (Online)


Reversible electrochemical systems with a solid polymeric electrolyte

State-of-the-art development of the reversible electrochemical systems with proton-exchange membrane for cyclic direct and reverse transformation of electric energy to the chemical ones is considered in this review. Concept of reversible cells and areas of theirs application are described. Possible schemes of organization of the reversible systems operation, and catalytic, electrode and membrane materials used in them are analyzed.

Development of the effective ways of the activation of the anodes for water electrolysis

Electrochemical activity of anodes on the basis of a nickel mesh grid for water electrolysis is investigated. Activation of anodes was made by three ways:
1) chemical covering sulfur-containing compounds of nickel and iron;
2) immersing in solution Na2S2O3 + H2SO4 (till pH=3);
3) immersing in solution Na2S + H2SO4 (till pH=3).

Electrochemical activity of the cathodes with platinum or platinum-palladium electrocatalysts for alkaline water electrolysis

Electrochemical activity of cathodes with Pt or Pt-Pd-electrocatalysts was studied by voltammetry method under galvanostatic conditions. The dependence of the overvoltage of hydrogen evolution reaction on the logarithm of current density and on the test time of the cathode with Pt-Pd-electrocatalysts are defined. It is shown that the electrochemical activity of cathode with Pt-Pd-electrocatalyst is two times higher than with Pt-electrocatalyst at the hydrogen evolution reaction in 30% KOH solution at 90°C.