Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Acid batteries

Structural and Electrochemical Characteristics of Porous Lead Electrodes with Additive Nanostructured Carbon

The effect of carbon materials of two types was studied: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (“Art-nano” of the NSU “S” brand (TU BU 690654933.001.-2011)) and multilayer graphene (“Art-nano GT” (TU BU 691460594.004–2017), and modifications by treatment with ozone and dimethylformamide (manufacturer LLC Advanced Research and Technology, Belarus) on the structural characteristics, capacity and utilization of the active mass of the negative electrode of a lead-acid battery.

Features of Lead-Acid Battery Modelling

One of the key steps to improve environmental situation is reducing pollutants released by automobiles. As of now, electric cars are the most commonly used type of eco-friendly vehicles. However, having a limited travel range they require an infrastructure system of charging stations to operate. Moreover, while electric vehicles don’t produce negative emissions directly they can still contribute to pollution if their energy is generated using fossil fuels. To further improve environmental benefits of electric cars charging stations on renewable energy sources should be developed.

Alloys for electrode grills of sealed lead-acid batteries

УДК 541.135

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1608-4039-2016-16-2-77-87

The review deals with studies of the properties of lead alloys used to fabricate electrode grids of sealed lead-acid batteries.

Positive electrode for reserve chemical current source

We studied the electrochemical deposition of lead dioxide on titanium coated with colloidal graphite. It is showing that under optimal process conditions possible to obtain high quality coatings with good adhesion to the base and high-bit characteristics. Received bit characteristics of the layout of the backup power source.

/The effect of modified absorbtive glass mat separators on the efficiency of hydrogen ionization in lead-acid battery mock-ups

The influence of porous structure of the absorptive glass mats manufactured by «Hollingsworth&Vose» (thickness 2.8 mm) and BernardDumas» (thickness 3.0 mm), modified by impregnation with polymeric emulsions on the basis of polyvinylidene fluoride (KYNAR), polyvinylpyrrolidone copolymer with styrene (PVS) and polytetrafluoroethylene (Tf), on the efficiency of ionization of hydrogen in lead-acid battery mock-ups. The use of polymer modified emulsions separators from absorbtive glass mat allows to increase the ionization rate of hydrogen on lead-dioxide electrode.

Measurement of lead-acid battery internalresistance in charging mode

Method and the resultsof measurementof the internalresistance ofbattery duringitschargeanddischarge are described.It was establishedthat the internal resistance ofthe batteryin operatingvoltage range is almost equallywhencharging and dischargingand does not dependon the current.

A Device for Charging of a Sulfated Lead-Acid Battery by Pulse Asymmetric Current

The capabilities of our designed charging device for charging of lead-acid batteries with sulfated plates by pulse asymmetric current were tested experimentally. The principle of the considered charging mode is based on alternation of short high-amplitude pulses of the charging current with discharging current pulses with their sequence frequency being multiple of the alternating current frequency in Russia (50 Hz). The designed device enables effective charging of lead-acid batteries with deeply sulfated plates, and is suitable for primary battery formation of lead-acid batteries and for restoration of the initial capacity of batteries in the process of their long-term exploitation.

Structural Characteristics of Absorbent Glass Mat Separators and their Influence on Oxygen Ionization Rate in Models of Lead-Acid Accumulators

The most important structural and physicomechanical properties of absorbent glass mat separators «Hollingswoth and Vose», «Bernard Dumas», «BMSK AT Nippon» intended for lead-acid battery (LAB) are studied. It is shown that on pore size distribution strong influence puts the enclosed pressure: at compression 50 kPa there is a considerable reduction of the size of a pore. However for the separation material «BMSK AT Nippon» the share of pores with radius from 5 to 10 microns is much higher, than for the separation materials «Hollingswoth and Vose» and «Bernard Dumas». Studying of process of oxygen absorption on negative an electrode in the LAB models showed that most effectively process of absorption of oxygen occurs in the LAB models to the separation material «BMSK AT Nippon».

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