Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

A stability study of platinized carbon black and carbon nanotubes nanocomposite as a fuel cell electrocatalyst

By cyclic voltammetry and rotating disk electrode investigated the stability of the composite catalyst Pt/C–CNT from electrochemical action through multiple changes of the electrode potential from –150 to 1000 mV vs. silver chloride reference electrode. Investigated: the dynamics of the electrochemically active surface area of platinum and electrode in whole, change of amount of quinone groups, change in density of the kinetic current reduction of air oxygen on the surface of the catalyst. With the use of the method of differential thermal analysis studied the oxidation processes and the mechanisms of change of the physicochemical properties of the material under electrochemical action.

Literature

1. Glebova N. V., Nechitajlov A. A. Sposob izgotovlenija kataliticheskogo materiala dlja toplivnogo elementa [Way of production of a catalytic material for a fuel cell]. Patent RF, no. 2421849. (In Russian).
2. Zabrodskij A. G., Glebova N. V., Nechitajlov A. A., Terukova E. E., Terukov E. I., Tomasov A. A., Zelenina N. K. Technical Physics Letters, 2010, vol. 36, no. 23, pp. 98 – 105. (In Russian).
3. Nechitajlov A. A., Glebova N. V., Koshkina D. V., Tomasov A. A., Terukova E. E. International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecology, 2012, no. 1 (105), pp. 134–138. (In Russian).
4. Nechitajlov A. A., Glebova N. V., Tomasov A. A., Zelenina N. K., Gurevich S. A., Kozhevin V. M., Javsin D. A. International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecolog, 2012, no. 5 – 06 (109–110), pp. 17–21. (In Russian).
5. Glebova N. V., Nechitajlov A. A., Gurin V. N. Technical Physics Letters, 2011, vol. 37, no. 14. pp. 32–38. (In Russian).
6. de Bruijn F. A., Dam V. A.T., Janssen G. J.M. FUEL CELLS 08, 2008, no. 1, pp. 3–22.
7. Kocha S. S. Handbook of Fuel Cells-Fundamentals, Technology and Applications, Vol. 3 (Eds. W. Vielstich, H. A. Gasteiger, A. Lamm), John Wiley and Sons. Chichester, UK. 2003. 538 p.
8. Yoda T., Uchida H., Watanabe M. Electrochim. Acta, 2007, vol.52, pp. 5997–6005.
9. Mathias M. F., Makharia R., Gasteiger H. A., Conley J. J., Fuller T. J., Gittleman C. J., Kocha S. S., Miller D. P., Mittelsteadt C. K., Xie T., Yan S. G., Yu P. T. Electrochem. Soc. Interface, 2005, vol. 14, pp. 24.
10. Sadov S. V., Sockaja N. V., Kravchenko T. A. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1993, vol.67, pp.2027–2029. (In Russian).
11. Paulus U. A., Schmidt T. J., Gasteiger H. A., Behm R. J. J. Electroanalyt. Chem. Soc, 2001, vol. 495, pp. 134.
12. Guilminot E, Corcella A, Charlot F, Maillard F, Chatenet M. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2007, vol.154, pp. B96-B105
13. Maillard F., Martin M., Gloaguen F., Le'ger J.-M. Electrochimica Acta, 2002, vol. 47, pp. 3431–3440.
14. Ferreira P. J., la O' G. J., Shao-Horn Y., Morgan D., Makharia R., Kocha S., Gasteiger H. A. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2005, vol. 152, pp. A2256.
15. Xie J., Wood III D.L., More K. L., Atanassov P., Borup R. L. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2005, vol. 152, pp. A1011–1020.
16. Pourbaix M. Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions, National Association of Corrosion Engineers. New York, 1974, 379 p.
17. Darling R. M., Meyers J. P. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2003, vol. 150, pp. A1523–A1527
18. Kuriganova A. B. Elektrohimicheskoe poluchenie nanorazmernyh Pt/C katalizatorov dlja tverdopolimernyh toplivnyh elementov [Electrochemical receiving nanodimensional Pt/C of catalysts for the solid polymer fuel cells. Diss.]. Novocherkassk, 2011, 17 p. (In Russian).
19. Mukerjee S., McBreen J. J. Electroanal. Chem., 1998, vol. 448, pp. 163–171.
20. Knights S. D., Colbow K. M., St-Pierre J., Wilkinson D. P. J. Power Sources, 2002, vol. 127, pp 127–134.
21. Kwong-Yu Chan, Jie Ding, Jiawen Ren, Shaoan Cheng, Kwok Ying Tsang. J. Mater. Chem., 2004, vol. 14, pp. 505–516.
22. Gerasimova E. V., Tarasov B. P. International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecolo,. 2009, no. 8 (76), pp. 25–37. (In Russian).

Heading: