Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

A study on LiMnyFe1-yPO4 as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries

A series of solid phases (mixed lithium-iron-manganese phosphates) of the common formula LiMnyFe1-yPO4 (0 ≤ y ≤ 1) with a carbon coating on the particle surface was synthesized by mechanochemical activation with carbothermal reduction. The synthesized mixed phosphates were examined as promising cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The positive effect of replacement of a rather small fraction of iron by manganese is shown, which improves the electrochemical performance at the rates C/10–10C. The highest discharging capacity (above 160 mA·h/g at the C/10 rate, about 100 mA·h/g at the 10C rate) and cycling stability (the capacity decrease rate less than 0.05 mA·h/g per cycle at the 10 C rate) were established for the weakly doped cathode material LiMn0.05Fe0.95PO4.

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