Portabie power sourse based on alkaline fuel cells with indirect oxidation of sodium borohydride

In this work the main principles used in the development of portable power source based on fuel cells with indirect oxidation of sodium borohydride are described, the general arrangement of this power source is shown, and its operating mechanism is described. The proposed power source has a number of advantages over existing portable power sources. The application of alkaline fuel cells enables to discard expensive solid-polymer electrolyte, catalysts and constructional materials that will lead to significant decrease of the power source cost. The ability to implement hydrogen and water mixture recirculation through the anode chambers of the fuel cell stack and hydrogen generator cartridge will enable to simplify the portable power source design and decrease its mass and dimension parameters. The carried out calculation of portable power source specific parameters showed that its specific parameters should exceed the parameters of lithium-ion batteries.


1. Коровин Н. В. Топливные элементы и электрохимические энергоустановки. М.: Изд-во Моск. энерг. ин-та, 2005.
2. Химические источники тока: Справочник / Под ред. Н. В. Коровина и А. М. Скундина. М.: Изд-во Моск. энерг. ин-та, 2003.
3. Жигач А. Ф., Стасиневич Д. Г. Химия гидридов. Л.: Химия. Ленингр. отд-ние, 1969.
4. Хайош А. Комплексные гидриды в органической химии / Пер. с нем. Л.: Химия. Ленингр. отд-ние, 1971.
5. Amendola S. C., Onnerud P., Kelley M. T., Petillo P. J., Sharp-Goldman S. L. // J. Power Sources. 1999. Vol. 84. P. 130–133.
6. Mirkin M. V., Yang H., Bard A. J. // J. Electrochem. Soc. 1992. Vol. 139. № 8. P. 2212–2216.
7. Пат. РФ на полезную модель 75897, МПК Н 01 М 8/06. Источник тока на основе топливных элементов с непрямым окислением топлива.
8. Pat. 2587563 Canada. МКИ B01J 7/00; B01J 7/02; B01J 8/02; C10J 3/00. Hydrogen generator cartridge.
9. Pat. 2597139 Canada. МКИ C10J 3/20. Hydrogen generating fuel cell cartridges.
10. Pat. 6,534,033 US. МКИ B01J 37/00; B01J 37/16; B01J 37/34; B01J 23/46; B01J 31/06; B01J 31/08; C01B 3/06; C01B 3/00; C01B 003/02. System for hydrogen generation. Amendola S., et al. 18.03.2003
11. Пат. 2304327 РФ, МПК H 01 M 16/00, 8/04. Источник питания на основе топливных элементов.
12. Pat. 6,989,206 US. МКИ H01M 8/02; H01M 8/08. Water recycling in fuel cell systems.
13. Pat. 20080274384 US. МКИ H01M8/06; C01B3/06; H01M8/04; Н01M8/04. Self-regulating hydrogen generator for use with a fuel cell

стр. 153