Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Operation features and selection principles of carriage batteries for Russian railways

The paper analyzes the operation conditions of carriage batteries on Russian railways, the advantages and demerits of lead-acid and nickel-cadmium systems are compared. A conclusion is made that only the alkaline nickel-cadmium battery can reliably supply power to carriages in the climatic conditions of Russian Federation. The performance of a maintenance-free nickel-cadmium battery being designed by Elecont Ltd. (Saint-Petersburg) is described.

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