Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Hermetically sealed storage batteries: state of the art, problems, andoutlooks

An analysis has been carried out of the capabilities of the known principles of gas utilization in hermetically sealed storage batteries (nickel-cadmium and lead-acidic ones) in comparison with the method based on gas absorbtion by the working (positive and negative) electrodes with forced gas feed. Special attention is paid to the control over gas-liquid flows in hermetically sealed vessels via the match between the porous structures of the separator matrices and the active masses of the working electrodes.

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