Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

От литий-ионных к натрий-ионным аккумуляторам

УДК 544.6; 621.355

DOI: 10.18500/1608-4039-2016-3-122-150

Обсуждается современное состояние исследований в области натрий -ионных аккумуляторов. Основной проблемой, сдерживающей создание конкурентоспособных натрий -ионных аккумуляторов, является низкая эффективность имеющихся электродных материалов. Усилия по созданию анодов для натрий -ионных аккумуляторов сводятся к разработке материалов на основе углерода, металлов, сплавов и оксидов переходных металлов. Для создания катодов разрабатываются материалы на основе оксидных (в первую очередь слоистых) и солевых систем. Синтезу электролитов для натрий -ионных аккумуляторов уделяется существенно меньше внимания, в настоящее время в этой роли доминируют растворы солей натрия в органических растворителях.

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