Cd|KOH|NiOOH

Zn|NH4CI|MnO2

Li|LiClO4|MnO2

Pb|H2SO4|PbO2

H2|KOH|O2

Acid batteries

Structural and Electrochemical Characteristics of Porous Lead Electrodes with Additive Nanostructured Carbon

The effect of carbon materials of two types was studied: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (“Art-nano” of the NSU “S” brand (TU BU 690654933.001.-2011)) and multilayer graphene (“Art-nano GT” (TU BU 691460594.004–2017), and modifications by treatment with ozone and dimethylformamide (manufacturer LLC Advanced Research and Technology, Belarus) on the structural characteristics, capacity and utilization of the active mass of the negative electrode of a lead-acid battery.

Features of Lead-Acid Battery Modelling

One of the key steps to improve environmental situation is reducing pollutants released by automobiles. As of now, electric cars are the most commonly used type of eco-friendly vehicles. However, having a limited travel range they require an infrastructure system of charging stations to operate. Moreover, while electric vehicles don’t produce negative emissions directly they can still contribute to pollution if their energy is generated using fossil fuels. To further improve environmental benefits of electric cars charging stations on renewable energy sources should be developed.

Alloys for electrode grills of sealed lead-acid batteries

УДК 541.135

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1608-4039-2016-16-2-77-87

The review deals with studies of the properties of lead alloys used to fabricate electrode grids of sealed lead-acid batteries.

Positive electrode for reserve chemical current source

We studied the electrochemical deposition of lead dioxide on titanium coated with colloidal graphite. It is showing that under optimal process conditions possible to obtain high quality coatings with good adhesion to the base and high-bit characteristics. Received bit characteristics of the layout of the backup power source.

/The effect of modified absorbtive glass mat separators on the efficiency of hydrogen ionization in lead-acid battery mock-ups

The influence of porous structure of the absorptive glass mats manufactured by «Hollingsworth&Vose» (thickness 2.8 mm) and BernardDumas» (thickness 3.0 mm), modified by impregnation with polymeric emulsions on the basis of polyvinylidene fluoride (KYNAR), polyvinylpyrrolidone copolymer with styrene (PVS) and polytetrafluoroethylene (Tf), on the efficiency of ionization of hydrogen in lead-acid battery mock-ups. The use of polymer modified emulsions separators from absorbtive glass mat allows to increase the ionization rate of hydrogen on lead-dioxide electrode.

Measurement of lead-acid battery internalresistance in charging mode

Method and the resultsof measurementof the internalresistance ofbattery duringitschargeanddischarge are described.It was establishedthat the internal resistance ofthe batteryin operatingvoltage range is almost equallywhencharging and dischargingand does not dependon the current.

Composition and structure of passive layers on lead and multicomponent lead alloys surface under the anodic oxidation in 4.8M sulfuric acid solution

Electrochemical and corrosion behavior lead, lead-tin and lead-tin-calcium alloys doped with silver and barium was investigated. Composition and structure of passive layers were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy and X-ray analysis.

Lead-acid battery formation with pulse asymmetric current

The paper treats effective formation of lead-acid batteries with pulse asymmetric current with the aid of a specially designed source of powerful pulses getting through a transformer from a 50 Hz alternating supply line. Our mode of formation with pulse asymmetric current provides a reduced gas release and low electrolyte heating. On the basis of the dependence of the electrolyte density on the first-cycle formation duration, a conclusion has been made of more effective formation of batteries being charged with pulse asymmetric current with frequencies of 25 and 50 Hz. The found linear dependence of the electrolyte density of a formed lead-acid battery on its discharging degree enables electrolyte density to be used as an objective estimation of the battery charging degree.

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