Fuel cells

How gas impurities influence the alkaline fuel cell performance

The work reviews the influence of gas impurities in fuel and oxidizing chemical on the alkaline oxyhydrogen fuel cell functioning. It shows that methane impurities act differently on anode and cathode, while other gases (except noble gases), including carbon monoxide, which is a poison for fuel cell with acid solution, influence the operation of alkaline fuel cell through the reaction with potassium hydroxide (KOH). Substitution electrolyte for fresh recovers fuel cell performance.

Effect of the catalyst layers structure on the pem fuel cell perfomance

Using complex models, including the solution percolation problem and electrochemical kinetics calculations are considered the features of a solid polymer fuel cell catalyst layers with a catalyst based on nanoscale carbon materials, including graphene nanowires. These calculations are consistent with the experimental data presented by optimizing the composition of the catalyst layers. It is shown that the addition of 20 wt.\% nanofibres graphene can reduce ohmic losses from the ion current and improve the performance of the fuel cell is 20%

Catalytic activity oF LaLi0.1M0.1Fe0.8O3-d (M = Fe, Co, Ni) Oxides for molten carbonate fuel cell. Part 2. Reaction Mechanisms and Catalytic Activity in (Li0.62K0.38)2CO3 Melt

New mechanisms of oxygen reduction on perovskite related oxides LaLi0.1M0.1Fe0.8O3-d (M = Fe, Co, Ni) and a rock salt type oxide Li0.1Ni0.9O have been proposed. Based on these mechanisms, a comparison of catalytic activity of the oxides in the temperature range 820–1000 K has been done. It has been shown that catalytic activity of LaLi0.Co0.1Fe0.8O3-d oxide exceeds the activity of Li0.1Ni0.9O below 970 K

The application of graphene in biofuel cells

This work considers the application of graphene while forming the electrodes in biofuel cells. Graphene displays a number of important characteristics including first of all good mechanical properties, high thermal conductivity, high specific surface area, biocompatibility, structural peculiarities of a molecule, is available for chemical modification of the structure. Fabrication, properties of graphene and its oxide were considered and the peculiarities of the application of graphene as a basic material for electrodes in biofuel cells are also discussed.

Catalytic activity of LaLi0.1M0.1Fe0.8O3-d (M = Fe, Co, Ni) oxides for molten carbonate fuel cell. Part 1. Polarization Characteristics of Porous Gas Diffusion Electrodes in (Li0.62K0.38)2CO3 Melt. An Experimental Study

This paper presents polarization characteristics of porous gas diffusion cathodes prepared from LaLi0.1M0.1Fe0.8O3-d (M = Fe, Co, Ni) oxides with a perovskite related structure and Li0.1Ni0.9O oxide with a rock salt structure. The characteristics were measured in the laboratory scale fuel cell in the temperature range 820–1000 K. It has been shown that electrochemical activity of the cathodes with Co and Ni additives exceeds the activity of the Li0.1Ni0.9O cathode below 970 K.

Current-producing reactions in fuel cells with proton-conducting and anion-conducting electrolytes

Features of current generation processes in MEA of hydrogen-air (oxygen) fuel cells with proton-conducting (acidic) and anion-conducting (alkaline) solid polymer electrolytes were compared. Certain parameters of electrode reactions and characteristics of electrolytes and interaction effects of MEA’s components in FC operation and also destabilizing factors which deriving direct from current flow as well as from presence of impurities in the fuel and oxidant were discussed.